Conduct Civil Construction Wheeled Front End Loader Operations (Experienced Operators)

This unit describes the skills and knowledge required to conduct wheeled front end loader operations.

This unit applies to those working in site- based roles.

Where equipment being assessed requires the fitting and removal of attachments to be demonstrated an integrated tool carrier unit should be used.

Licensing, legislative, regulatory and certification requirements that apply to this unit can vary between states, territories, and industry sectors, and must be sourced from state jurisdictions prior to applying this unit.

This unit alone does not provide sufficient skill to independently load and unload equipment. To perform this activity safely, personnel must either complete or be assisted by someone who has completed RIIHAN308F Load and Unload Plant or equivalent.

Vocational Outcomes

Upon satisfactory completion of this course participants will be issued with a Statement of Attainment for the competency RIIMPO321F Conduct Civil Construction Wheeled Front End Loader Operations issued by Pipeline Training Australia (RTO 91431) 

This course can be used toward a full qualification from the Resources and Infrastructure Industry Training Package.

Course Information

All participants are required to wear full PPE to their course.

It is essential that students speak fluently and understand English.

As this is an EXPERIENCED OPERATOR course students are required to supply one of the following BEFORE training commences:

  • Completed student log book with between 80-100 hours of machine use recorded (please contact our office if you require one)
  • Evidence letter from your employer verifing the student's past experience and noting specific occasions when machine was in use.

Elements & Performance Criteria

1. Plan and prepare for wheeled front end loader operations
Access, interpret and apply wheeled front end loader operations documentation
Obtain, interpret, clarify and confirm work instructions
Identify hazards and environmental issues, assess the risks and implement control measures in line with workplace policies
Select and wear personal protective equipment required for work activities
Obtain, identify and implement traffic management signage requirements according to standard operating procedures and safe work practices
Select required wheeled front end loader equipment and confirm suitability for work activities
Obtain and interpret emergency procedures for wheeled front end loaders, and be prepared for fires, accidents and emergencies
Coordinate and communicate planned activities with others at the site prior to commencement of work activity

2. Operate front end loader in line with established requirements
Carry out prestart and start-up checks in line with workplace procedures
Identify faults or defects and rectify or report within scope of own responsibility and according to workplace procedures
Drive and operate front end loader, and modify the operating technique to meet changing work conditions
Monitor hazards and risks during operations, and ensure safety of self, other personnel, plant and equipment
Perform work activity within the operating capacity of the equipment
Monitor and manage equipment performance using indicators and alarms in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications

3. Attach, secure, lift, carry and place materials to complete work activity
Establish weight of load and ensure it is within safe operational limits of the machine
Use lifting gear within safe working load requirements and in line with workplace procedures
Position machinery to ensure stable effective shift materials according to work requirements
Shift load safely and effectively using hand, audible and communication signal, in line with workplace procedures
Park up, shut down, secure and carry out post operational inspection of equipment in line with workplace procedures

4. Prepare to relocate the front end loader
Prepare front end loader for relocation
Move front end loader safely within and/or between work areas, observing relevant codes and traffic management requirements
Assist loading and unloading machine from float/trailer in line with workplace procedures

5. Conduct housekeeping activities
Clear work area and dispose of or recycle materials according to workplace procedures
Manage and/or report hazards to maintain a safe working environment
Complete and file or distribute documentation in a manner that complies with workplace practices

Assessment Requirements

Performance Evidence

The candidate must demonstrate the ability to complete the tasks outlined in the elements and performance criteria of this unit.

The candidate must demonstrate completion of wheeled front end loader operations that safely, effectively and efficiently follows workplace procedures to carry out work activity on at least two occasions, and include:

  • conducting prestart checks prior to commencing operations and shutdown procedures on completion of operations
  • driving and operating the equipment, and adjusting techniques to suit site conditions
  • completion of operations to specification using at least two different material types including:
  • mixing materials
  • stripping/spreading materials
  • loading, cutting/boxing
  • backfilling
  • lifting and carrying materials
  • site clean-up on
  • assisting with loading and unloading skid steer loader from float/trailer
  • parking and securing equipment

In the course of the above the candidate must also:

  • locate and apply relevant documentation, policies and procedures
  • select and wear personal protective equipment required for work activities
  • apply safe work practices, identifying and reporting all potential hazards, risks and environmental issues
  • apply problem solving and troubleshooting techniques when operating equipment
  • monitor and manage equipment performance using indicators and alarms
  • identify common equipment faults
  • monitor and manage equipment performance using indicators and alarms
  • identify common equipment faults
  • apply levelling techniques
  • establish weight of load
  • select and use the required tools and equipment
  • use a range of communication techniques and equipment essential to the safe completion of work activity, including hand, audible and other signals
  • meet written and verbal reporting requirements and procedures associated with equipment operations
  • organise work activities to meet all task requirements

Knowledge Evidence

The candidate must be able to demonstrate knowledge to complete the tasks outlined in the elements and performance criteria of this unit. This includes:

Key policies and procedures, legislation and established requirements for front end loader operations, including those relating to:

  • isolation requirements
  • fires, accidents and emergencies
  • work health and safety, including signs of operator fatigue and how it should be managed
  • site isolation and traffic control responsibilities and authorities
  • project quality requirements
  • chain of responsibility for loading and unloading of equipment
  • operational, maintenance and basic diagnostics
  • personal protective equipment
  • recyclable materials
  • housekeeping activities

Key factors affecting work activities described in performance evidence above, including:

  • equipment processes, technical capability and limitations
  • drawings and sketches
  • ground conditions
  • materials characteristics, including density and viscosity

Key features associated with civil construction works, including

  • civil construction terminology
  • basic principles of material technology and material compaction for civil works
  • basic earthworks calculations
  • civil construction activity sequences of road construction, earthworks and drainage

Assessment Conditions

Mandatory conditions for assessment of this unit are stipulated below. The assessment must:

  • include access to:
  • wheeled front end loader
  • materials to be shifted
  • personal protective equipment
  • be conducted in a safe environment; and,
  • be assessed in context of this sector's work environment; and,
  • be assessed in compliance with relevant legislation/regulation and using policies, procedures, processes and operational manuals directly related to the industry sector for which it is being assessed; and,
  • confirm consistent performance can be applied in a range of relevant workplace circumstances

Where personal safety or environmental damage are limiting factors, assessment may occur in a simulated work environment* provided it is realistic and sufficiently rigorous to cover all aspects of this sector’s workplace performance, including environment, task skills, task management skills, contingency management skills and job role environment skills.

Assessor requirements 

Assessors must be able to clearly demonstrate current and relevant industry knowledge and experience to satisfy the mandatory competency standards as set out in the Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015/AQTF mandatory requirements for assessors current at the time of assessment and any relevant licensing and certification requirements. This includes:

  • vocational competencies at least to the level being delivered and assessed
  • current industry skills directly relevant to the training and assessment being provided
  • current knowledge and skills in vocational training and learning that informs their training and assessment
  • formal relevant qualifications in training and assessment
  • having knowledge of and/or experience using the latest techniques and processes
  • possessing a high level of RII training product knowledge
  • having an understanding and knowledge of legislations and regulations relevant to the industry and to employment and workplaces
  • demonstrating the performance evidence, and knowledge evidence as outlined in this Unit of Competency, and through
  • the minimum years of current** work experience after competency has been obtained as specified below in an industry sector relevant to the outcomes of the unit.